Italy, officially the Italian Republic or the Republic of Italy,is a country that consists of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and several islands surrounding it. Its territory largely coincides with the homonymous geographical region.Italy is located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, in Southern Europe. It is also considered part of Western Europe. A unitary parliamentary republic with Rome as its capital and largest city, the country covers a total area of 301,230 km2 (116,310 sq mi) and shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland, Campione. With over 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the third-most populous member state of the European Union.

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